Jump to content


Honda Civic 1-6 generacija


  • This topic is locked This topic is locked
No replies to this topic

#1 Guest_deny_*

Guest_deny_*
  • Guests

Posted 09 December 2007 - 23:17

The Honda Civic is a compact car manufactured by Honda. It was introduced in July 1972 as a two-door coupe, followed by a three-door hatchback version that September. With the transverse engine placement of its 1169 cc engine and front-wheel drive, like the British Mini, the car provided good interior space despite overall small dimensions.
Early models of the Civic were typically outfitted with a basic AM radio, rudimentary heater, foam cushioned plastic trim, two-speed wipers, and painted steel rims with a chromed wheel nut cap. The current Civic has become much more luxurious with satellite-linked navigation, a six-speed manual transmission, power locks and power windows available.
The Civic evolved from having an 1170 cc engine (1973) to having engines with larger capacities and more creature comforts (air conditioning, power windows, etc.) through the 1980s, 1990s and into the 2000s.
In the United States of America, the Civic is the second-longest continuously-running nameplate from a Japanese manufacturer; only the Toyota Corolla, introduced in 1968, has been in production longer.

First generation (1973-1979)



Production 1973-1979
Assembly Suzuka, Mie, Japan

Body style(s)
2-door coupe
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon


Engine(s) 1.2 L EB I4
1.5 L ED CVCC I4

Transmission(s)
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
2-speed Hondamatic automatic

Wheelbase
86.6 in. (220 cm)
Length 139.8 in. (355 cm) (1973)
146.9 in. (373 cm) (1974-1979)
160.0 in. (406 cm) (wagon)
Curb weight
1500 lb (680 kg)

Honda began selling the 1169 cc (70 in³) transversely mounted inline four-cylinder Civic for about US$2,200 (AU$2,804). The car produced roughly 50 hp (37 kW) and included power front disc brakes, vinyl seating, reclining bucket seats and a woodgrain-accented dashboard. The hatchback version added a fold-down rear seat, an AM radio and cloth upholstery. Options for the Civic were kept to a minimum, consisting of air conditioning, an automatic transmission, called the Hondamatic, radial tires and a rear wiper for the hatchback. The car could achieve 40 mpg (6 L/100 km) on the highway and with a small 86.6 inch (220 cm) wheelbase and 139.8 inch (355 cm) overall length the vehicle weighed 1,500 pounds (680 kg). The car had four-wheel independent suspension and a four speed manual transmission or the Hondamatic.
The Civic's features allowed this "econobox" to outperform American competitors such as the Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto. When the 1973 oil crisis struck, many Americans turned to economy cars. Reviews of American economy car quality were poor, and getting worse due to spiraling costs for manufacturers. Japanese culture had a long-standing tradition of demanding high-quality economy cars, and the growing American desire in the 1970s for well-made cars that had good fuel mileage benefited the standing of Honda, Toyota, and Datsun in the lucrative U.S. market.[citation needed]
For 1974, the Civic's engine size grew slightly, to 1237 cc and power went up to 52 hp (39 kW). In order to meet the new 5 mph (8 km/h) bumper impact standard, the Civic's bumpers grew, making its overall length increase to 146.9 inches (373 cm), 7.1 inches (18 cm) more.[1]

200px_CivicRS.JPG


The CVCC (Compound Vortex Controlled Combustion) engine debuted in 1975 and was offered alongside the standard Civic engine. The optional 53 hp (40 kW) CVCC engine displaced 1488 cc and had a head design that promoted cleaner, more efficient combustion. The CVCC design eliminated a need for a catalytic converter or unleaded fuel to meet emissions standards (nearly every other U.S. market car for this year underwent the change to exhaust catalysts and the requirement to use only unleaded fuel). Due to California's stricter emissions standards, only the CVCC powered Civic was available in that state. A five-speed manual transmission became available this year, as did a Civic station wagon (only with the CVCC engine), which had a wheelbase of 89.9 inches (228 cm) and an overall length of 160 inches (406 cm). Civic sales also increased and topped 100,000 units for this year.[1]
1978 brought slight cosmetic changes, some changes were as a black grille, rear-facing hood vents (which replaced the sideways versions) and new turn indicators. The easiest way to recognise a 1978 model from an earlier example is to look at the front turn indicators: prior to 1978, they looked like foglights mounted in the Civic's grille, whereas in 1978 they were smaller rectangular shaped ones and were mounted within the bumper bar. The CVCC engine was now rated at 60 hp (45 kW).[1]


Second generation (1980-1983)



Production 1980-1983
Assembly Suzuka, Japan

Body style(s)
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon

Engine(s) 1.3 L ED CVCC I4
1.5 L ED CVCC I4

Transmission(s)
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
2-speed Hondamatic automatic
3-speed Hondamatic automatic
Wheelbase
88.6 in.(225 cm)
91.3 in (232 cm)(wagon)
Length 146.9 in. (373 cm)
Related Triumph Acclaim
Honda Ballade

The 1980 Civic debuted with a more angular shape, increased engine power, and larger dimensions in all models. The wheelbase now measured 88.6 inches (225 cm) for the hatchback (the two-door "sedan" was dropped) and 91.3 inches (232 cm) for the wagon. All Civic engines now used the CVCC design; the base 1335 cc ("1300") engine made 55 hp (41 kW), while the 1488 cc ("1500") engine produced 67 hp (50 kW). Three transmissions were offered: a four-speed manual (on base models), a five-speed manual and a two-speed automatic.


2.jpg 2a.jpg


The Civic 1300 and 1500 came in base and DX versions, and the latter featured a five-speed manual transmission, partial cloth seats, carpet, rear window defroster, intermittent wipers and a cigar lighter. The 1500 GL added radial tires, a rear window wiper/washer, tachometer, clock and bodyside moldings. The Civic wagon came in a single version that was similar to the DX trim level.
In 1980 a "3-box" four-door sedan debuted, as did a three-speed automatic transmission that replaced the aging two-speed unit. Rectangular headlamps and black bumpers appeared on the 1982 Civic. A new gas-sipping model, the five-speed "FE" (Fuel Economy) was introduced and was rated at 41 mpg (5.7 l/100 km) in the city and 55 mpg (4.3 l/100 km) on the highway.
The sport-oriented Civic "S" was introduced and replaced the 1500 GL in 1983 and was fitted with firmer suspension (with rear stabilizer bar) and 165/70R13 Michelin tires. A red accent encircled the S and set it apart from other Civics as well as a black grille and blackout paint around the windowframes.


Third generation (1984-1987)

Production 1984-1987
Assembly Suzuka, Japan
Alliston, Ontario, Canada

Body style(s)
3-door hatchback
3-door coupe (CRX)
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon (Shuttle)

Front engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive

Engine(s) 1.5 L I4

Transmission(s)
5-speed manual
3-speed Hondamatic automatic

Wheelbase
94 in (239 cm)
Length 150 in (381 cm)
Width 64 in (162 cm)
Height 53 in (135 cm)
Related Triumph Acclaim
Rover 200
Acura Integra
Honda CRX
Honda Ballade
Honda Integra

For the third generation, the vehicle wheelbase was increased by 2-5 inches (13 cm) to 93.7 inches (hatchback) or 96.5 inches (sedan). A 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, 4-door "Shuttle" wagon, and CRX coupe shared common underpinings. This included independent front control arms with torsion bar springs and a semi-independent rear beam with coil springs. However, the body panels were completely different for each bodystyle, with nothing interchangeable beyond the front bumper and headlights.


3a.jpg 3.jpg


The sedan and hatchback shared the same dashboard, but the CRX and wagons both had their own unique dash (CRX having a covered cubby in the middle of the dash, the wagon having a pop up set of vents which could be used or retracted into the dash). A new 12-valve (three valves per cylinder) 76 hp, 1500 cc engine was introduced. The base hatchback and CRX 1.3 used the 1300 cc 8-valve engine giving 60 hp (45 kW). The DX and 1500S model hatchbacks shared the new 1500 cc engine with the sedan, wagon and CRX 1.5. The 1500S model achieved over 50 mpg highway. The CRX was a Civic with a slightly different body; it was strictly a 2-seater in the US with a lockable storage compartment, while it was offered to the rest of the world with a rear seat. The CRX lineup added the Si model in 1985 which used Honda's PGM-FI fuel injection on the 1488cc 4 cylinder; in the US this generated 91 horsepower. The Si model added an intricately designed rear wiper, rear spoiler, power sunroof and 4 spoke alloy wheels.The wagon was available in front-wheel drive; in 1985 a part-time four-wheel drive, operated by a push button on the dash, became available.[citation needed] The CRX HF joined the model lineup, replacing the original CRX 1.3. Used a CVCC head equipped EW series 1.5 liter engine. In 1986, the Civic got flush-mounted headlights. The CRX Si was visually altered by body colored bumpers, new alloy wheels and a body colored rubber spoiler-now mounted on the back of the hatch as opposed to the top portion of the hatch. Also in 1986 an Si version of the Civic hatchback was introduced, featuring a pop-up glass sunroof, body colored bumpers and sedan-style disk wheel covers. This model came with the 1.5 L 12 valve fuel-injected engine from the CRX Si, generating 91 hp, and manual five-speed gearbox. In 1987, the four-wheel drive system on the wagon was changed; a new Real-Time four-wheel drive system featured an automatic viscous coupling that shifted power to the rear wheels automatically when needed. Real Time 4WD models are recognizable by the charcoal grey center covers, covering the lug nuts which were exposed on FWD models.[citation needed] In Europe the Sedan model was marketed as the Rover 213/216 and the Honda Ballade.


Fourth generation (1988-1991)



(EC/ED/EE/EF)

Production 1988-1991
Assembly Suzuka, Japan
East Liberty, Ohio
Alliston, Ontario, Canada

Body style(s)
3-door hatchback
3-door coupe (CRX)
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon (Shuttle)

Front engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive

Engine(s) 1.3 L D13B I4
1.4 L D14A I4
1.5 L D15B I4
1.6 L D16A6 I4
1.6 L B16A I4

Transmission(s)
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase
98.4 in (250 cm)
Length 156.1 in (396 cm) (hatchback)
166.5 in (423 cm) (sedan)
161.7 in (4107 mm) (wagon)
Width 65.6 in (167 cm) (hatchback)
65.9 in (167 cm) (sedan)
66.1 in (1680 mm)
Height 52.4 in (133 cm) (hatchback)
53.5 in (136 cm) (sedan)
56.1 in (1425 mm) (FWD Wagon)
56.9 in (1445 mm) (4WD Wagon)
Fuel capacity 45 L
Related Acura Integra
Honda CRX
Honda Ballade
Honda Concerto
Honda Integra
Rover 213/216



4.jpg 4a.jpg



For 1988, the car's wheelbase was increased to 98.4 inches (250 cm). The body was redesigned with a lower hood line and more glass, giving less drag. The model range was fairly limited for the US, whereas the European and Japanese markets had a wider range. A 1500 cc 16-valve fuel injected engine giving 92 hp (68 kW) was used in the DX hatchback and sedan[citation needed], new LX sedan and the American market wagon. The Si and four-wheel drive wagons were powered by a 1.6 L 16-valve engine, rated at 108 hp (81 kW). The base hatchback had a 70 hp (52 kW) version of the same 8-valve engine. All engines sold in the US were fuel injected. Carbureted models were available elsewhere. All Civics had a double-wishbone suspension. In 1990, the EX trim was introduced. Four-wheel drive wagons had standard steel wheels (white steel wheels with matching center caps were optional), a 6-speed manual transmission (with a super-low gear left of first) or an optional 4-speed automatic. Four-wheel drive was also available on the sedan in some markets.[citation needed]
The base model of the 4th generation Civic had a 1.2 L SOHC, this single carbureted engine was not available for the European and American market. For Europe the base model was the 1.3 Luxe (23L and 23U for the Japanese market) 1.3 L SOHC single carbureted engine. Next engine was the 1.4 L which was not available in the USA and Japan.[citation needed] It was a 1.4 L SOHC dual carbureted engine that was available only in 1988 and 1989; (replaced by the 1.5i GL and GLX in 1990).
The 1.5 L SOHC engine came in a wide variety of models, dual-point injection, single carbureted and dual carbureted. Those engines were available in the JDM 25X and 25XT, USDM DX and the USDM STD model (USDM base model), EDM 1.5i GL and GLX (the only difference between EDM GL and GLX is a different standard equipment and a different FDR). The LX model offered over the base and DX models such accoutrements as power windows, power mirrors, power door locks, and cruise control.
Next in line was the 1.6 L SOHC. Simply 1.6i for the European market and Si for the American market (US top model). (not to be confused with the JDM Si, which is a 1.6 L DOHC) Second highest model was the USDM Si. It was equipped with a 1.6 L DOHC (ZC) engine and delivered 130 hp. The EDM 1.6i GT and 1.6i-16 (depends on country) had a ZC like 1.6 L DOHC engine and had a stock 124 hp (D16Z5) or 130 hp (D16A9). All DOHC engines are equipped with Honda's multi-point fuel injection system (although there seems to have been a 1.6 L DOHC non-VTEC with dual carburetors for the 4th generation).
Top model of the hatchback was the Japanese SiR with the 160 hp B16A engine. In Europe the SiR was called 1.6i-VT and had a similar B16A1 engine. These top models of the 4th generation Civic were one of the first Honda's that were equipped with the famous VTEC system (the NSX was the first, the JDM 1990 and 1991 Integra XSi and RSi also had a B16A). See the VTEC section for more info on the SiR and 1.6i-VT.
In 1990 the 4th generation Civic had a light facelift. Some things that changed were the front bumper design, the front corner lights no longer had the two screws on the outside, the gauge cluster cover shape slightly changed, tail light units design changed, and some USDM Civics received automatic seat belts. The seat pans and rails changed also, as well as the seats.


Fifth generation (1992-1995)


(EG/EH/EJ)

Production 1992-1995
Assembly Swindon, England
Suzuka, Japan
East Liberty, Ohio
Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Lahore, Pakistan

Body style(s)
2-door coupe (EJ1/2)
3-door hatchback (EH2/3)
4-door sedan (EG8/EG9)

Four-wheel drive (Various Civic Models)
Engine(s) 1.5 L D15B7 I4
1.5 L D15B8 I4
1.5 L D15Z1 I4
1.6 L D16Z6 I4
1.6 L B16A1 I4
1.6 L B16A2 I4

Transmission(s)
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase
101.3 in (257 cm) (hatchback)
103.2 in (262 cm) (coupe & sedan)
Length 160.2 in (407 cm) (hatchback)
172.8 in (439 cm) (coupe)
173.0 in (439 cm) (sedan)
Width 66.9 in (170 cm)
Height 50.7 in (129 cm) (hatchback)
50.9 in (129 cm) (coupe)
51.7 in (131 cm) (sedan)
Fuel capacity 38 L
45 L
Related Acura Integra
Honda CRX
Honda Ballade
Honda CRX Del Sol
Honda Concerto
Honda Domani
Honda Integra

The fifth generation Civic had a more wedge-shaped body and the wheelbase was increased to 257 cm (101.3 inches) for the two-door hatchback and 262 cm (103.2 inches) for the four-door sedan. The wagon was also dropped for overseas markets, while the previous generation wagon continued in Japan. This generation of Civic used lightweight materials to create a fuel efficient economy car. It also noted the beginning of the use of VTEC engine in the Civic history. In addition, the ESi (1.5L SOHC VTEC 125PS) also provoked to the popularity of (relatively) high performance 1.5L segment.



5.jpg 5a.jpg



Coupe: Trims available in the coupe body style (introduced in 1993) were the DX (EJ2) and EX (EJ1).
Hatchback: Trims available in the hatchback body style were the CX, DX, VX (EG8) and Si (EG9).In the European Domestic Market (EDM) the trims available were the EX(EG3/1.3l; 75ps), LSi(EG4/1.5l 90ps) , ESi(EG5/1.5l SOHC VTEC 125ps) and the VTi(EG6/1.6l DOHC VTEC 160ps).
Sedan: Trims available in the sedan body style were the DX, LX (EH2) and EX (EH3).
The DX was the base model, equipped with manual windows, defroster and power brakes. The LX added AM/FM cassette player, cruise control, wheelcovers on 14 inch wheels, and power windows, locks and mirrors. The EX added air conditioning, a power sunroof, upgraded stereo and deluxe wheelcovers, as well as the more powerful VTEC. The Si did not have power windows or locks.
The wagon was discontinued in North America and most other export markets; in Japan the fourth-generation wagon continued without change. 1.3l, 75ps)
Engines
All DX and LX models used the D15B7 a non vtec 16 valve engine rated at only 102 bhp and near 100 Ft/lb. torque. DX and LX models were aimed towards the economy conscious market. Most of the CX models had the D15B8 which is an 8 valve non vtec engine rated at 79 bhp and the VX had the D15Z1 (VTEC-E engine). The EX and the Si had the D16Z6. The SiR was equipped with the 1.6 L B16A with VTEC. In Europe the DX had the D13b2, LSi had the D15B2 (hatchback) and D15B7 (Sedan) , VEi had the D15Z1, ESi had the D16Z6 and VTi had the B16A2. D15B2 engines was available in the 1994 civic coupe LS.


Sixth generation (1996-2000)


(EJ/EK/EM)

Production 1996-2000
Assembly Swindon, England
Suzuka, Japan
East Liberty, Ohio
Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Lahore, Pakistan
Sumaré, Brasil

Body style(s)
2-door coupe (EJ6/7/8/EM1)
3-door hatchback (EJ6)
4-door sedan (EJ6/8)
5-door hatchback (based on the Domani)[1]
4-door station wagon (based on the Domani)


FF layout / All-Wheel drive (Various Civic Models)
Engine(s) 1.6 L D16Y4 I4 (AUS version)
1.6 L D16Y5 I4
1.6 L D16Y7 I4
1.6 L D16Y8 I4
1.6 L B16A2 I4
1.6 L B16B I4

Transmission(s)
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
CVT - HX only

Wheelbase
103.2 in (2.621 m)
Length 164.5 in (4.178 m) (1996-97 hatchback)
164.2 in (4.17 m) (1998-2000 hatchback)
175.1 in (444.8 cm) (coupe & sedan)
Width 67.1 in (1.70 m)
Height 54.1 in (1.37 m) (coupe)
54.7 in (1.39 m)(sedan)
Curb weight
2,319 lb (1,052 kg)
Fuel capacity 45 L (11.9 US gal)
Related Rover 400
Rover 200
Acura Integra
Isuzu Gemini
Honda Ballade
Honda CRX Del Sol
Acura EL
Honda CR-V
Honda Domani
Honda Integra

Beginning in 1997, [2], Honda produced the first iteration of Civic to receive the "Type-R" appellation (applied first to the Integra Type-R), with the EK9 chassis Civic Type-R. The Civic Type-R had a maximum output in the range of 189 PS JIS (185 hp/132 kW), increased over the more common 160 PS (158 hp/118 kW) B16A engine in the SiR/VTi models, and included various alterations to the chassis to improve handling and reduce weight (such as better welding of the frame, and removal of the radio and noise-suppressing materials). The type R also came in a few special paint colors, namely Championship White, Flamenco Black Pearl, and Phoenix Yellow. the Civic Type R came in hatchback form only and included a few special features that were never available in the U.S.A. such as power folding side mirrors, city lights, red recaro bucket seats, five lug wheel hubs,airbag and radio blockoff plates, red carpet and door panel trim, and power windows and door locks (although the coupe and sedan civics came with these stock on the EX and HX trims, they were never available on the hatchback.)
Trims and equipment
Coupe: Trims available in the coupe body style were the DX, HX, EX and Si (only 1999 and 2000) (designated as the EJ6/7/8 and EM1, respectively).
Hatchback: Trims available in the hatchback body style were the CX and the DX (EJ6).
Sedan: Trims available in the sedan body style were the DX, Value Package, Vi-RS (EK3), LX (EJ6) and EX (EJ8).


6.jpg 6a.jpg


In 1999 the Civic had some updates for both the interior and exterior. The car received a face lift which included a new grille, new headlights, and a new front bumper and fenders and redesigned taillights. On the 1996 to 1998 sedans, the stop lights were on top of the reverse and turn lights, in 1999-2000 the reverse and turn lights were on top of the stop lights. For the coupe and hatchback the layouts remained as before; however, the rear turn signals became clear/white instead of amber to match the reverse lights. Inside the center console had a makeover. The sliding air system controls were replaced by rotary ones, which created free space.
The CX was the lightest and did not have features such as a sunroof, which made it even lighter. In Canada, the EX was called the Si and the Si was called the SiR.
The CX hatchback and all DX models with a manual transmission did not have power steering. DX models with automatic transmission did have power steering standard. DX models also did not come with options such as power locks and windows, cruise control, and sunroof. Value Package trims came with a CD player and remote entry system. LX trim (sedan only) added the power windows and locks and cruise control. EX trim added the sunroof. HX trim levels were similar to LX sedans but without cruise control. Canadian SiR models included ABS brakes and heated mirrors which were not included on US Si models.
Special Edition (SE) models were available in various North American markets. 1996 coupes could be had in a rosewood color in limited production. This color was a common color outside North America, but was fairly rare to see in US models.
Most models had a standard AM/FM radio in the center dashboard with a backlit LCD display (except CX had no radio) but a slave cassette player or CD player was available through dealer-installed options and was installed in the forward portion of the console and was hidden from view when the cupholder was open. EX models had the slave cassette player standard. Dealers also offered AM/FM cassette and AM/FM CD decks to replace the stock radio. All vehicles were equipped with four speakers (except for the EX which included two extra tweeters located on the front doors), radio wiring (prep), and an antenna regardless of whether or not they had a radio.
Two distinctly different wagons were made- the Orthia, based on the "regular" Civic sedan, for Japan, and a Domani-based model for Europe. Neither were offered in North America.
Engines
All CX, DX, Value Package, and LX models used the D16Y7. The HX had the D16Y5 and the EX had the D16Y8. The Si used the B16A2. In the UK, Europe, Australia and the Philippines, there were a number of sedans and aerodecks produced with the B18C4.
Transmissions
Most models (DX, LX, EX, Si) were available with a standard 5-speed manual transmission with a hydraulic clutch, or an optional 4-speed automatic transmission with floor shifter and shift interlock which prohibited the transmission from shifting out of "Park" unless the brake was applied. The HX model was offered with the 5-speed manual or a CVT Continuously Variable Transmission which offered three driving ranges, D (for normal driving), S (for spirited driving with higher engine speeds), and L (to keep the engine running as high a speed as possible). The conventional 4-speed automatic was not available on the HX model.
Canada Si and SiR
In 1996, Honda Canada called the American Ex version an Si, while calling the American Si the SiR in Canada. There was a change that occurred in this model from 1998 to 1999. The front bumper was altered to give two in-slots, which allowed customization to fit fog lights. The tail lights also changed to two pieces of red and white lights instead of the yellow, red and white. The exterior paint was also changed, giving the newer models much shinier complexions. Many of the Si and SiR from 1999 to 2000 featured high tip wings, though low tip wings were also common.
Asian SiRII
From 1996 to 2000, Honda produced civic SIRII which possess B16A4 engine but it was only available in Asian market.The civic SiRII engine, B16A4 produces 170HP@7800RPM with the same Displacement 1595 cm³. The engine is consider the fastest in the B16A series.
  • 0


0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users